Aix-en-Provence: sunny southern French town with lively charm

Does one need more reason to visit charming Aix-en-Provence in southern France than the fact that it enjoys around 300 days of delightful sunshine a year?

If so, then there are. Quite a few in fact.

Take, for example, cultural activities. They are plentiful and diverse, especially so for a town of less than 150,000 people, 40,000 of them students.

Aix en Provence city

Aix has an intriguing history, its name originating from the Latin word linked to water. This was the first town in the old region of Gaul to be colonized by the Romans, who remained for more than 500 years. While there are few remnants of that era still standing, the basement of the Granet Museum has some painstaking reconstructions of broken statuary and ceramics, as well as Celtic bracelets and other artifacts.

Aix was rebuilt by nobility after the 12th century as the capital of Provence, becoming part of France in the 15th century before being rebuilt again in 17th century under Louis XIV, the Sun King. Such colorful historical change is reflected in the varying architectural styles of the town’s many ochre-colored mansions, street statues and fountains.

history tours Aix en Provence

In terms of art, Aix is synonymous with Paul Cezanne. Having grown up as the son of a hat-maker and money-lender, the 19th century artist spent most of his life here, obsessed with painting the impressive Sainte-Victoire mountain from every conceivable angle, earning kudos in his later years including high praise from Picasso who ended up buying a massive chateau nearby. Visitors can view some of Cezanne’s works at the Granet Museum, as well as those by Giacometti, Picasso, Léger, Klee, Rubens and Rembrandt.

Paul Cezanne Aix en Provence

For further insights into Cezanne, visit his studio on a forested hill overlooking the town where his brushes, props, mechanical easel and even clothing (including his characteristically rumpled hat) are preserved. Another reason for visiting the Granet Museum is the 12th century Gothic church beside it, designed with multiple Maltese crosses, and the quaint cobblestone courtyard it faces. A two-hour walking tour organized by the Aix Tourism Office is devoted to Cezanne’s life, including the elementary school he attended with close friend, novelist and playwright, Émile Zola. Other interesting walks include ‘The Visible is Invisible’ tour led by historian, Frederic Paul, who reveals some of the less obvious elements of the town’s features, both new and old.

Caumont Art Center Aix en Provence

A second gallery worth visiting is the Caumont Art Center housed in an elegant 18th century mansion on Rue Joseph Cabassol, featuring a spacious garden terrace where food and beverages are served. Original furnishings are preserved there, including the bedroom of Pauline de Caumont (1767-1850), the lady of the house and the inspiration behind its bright decor. While emphasis at Caumont is on painters from the 14th to the 19th centuries, each year it hosts a major retrospective of a single artist – this summer being Joseph Turner, with 130 works reflecting the British painter’s experiments with color and his passion for new pigments. The center also features a 30-minute film about the life of Cezanne. Immediately opposite its entrance gate is ‘Book In Bar,’ the town’s English-language bookstore and café.

what to do in Aix en Provence, French holiday

Music, dance and theatre

Friendly Denis D’Antoni trained as a comedian performing in many venues nationwide including the Le Théâtre du Soleil and Piccolo Teatro in Paris then he transformed an old furniture warehouse into Le Theatre d’Aix. Opened just over a year ago after a one million euro investment, concerts – mainly jazz and classical, as well as dance and comedy improve – take place in this relaxing and intimate venue, as well as daily performance Master classes, exhibitions and anniversaries. Recently, the John Massa Quintet performed an excellent ‘Soul Turn Jazz’ concert led by sax tenor, John Massa, so adept he played with one hand, then with none, and Jean Gomez, a versatile singer with an at-times smooth, at-times gritty, voice. The group’s diverse repertoire ranged from Otis Redding’s ‘Sittin’ On The Dock Of The Bay’ and ‘Georgia On My Mind’ to the Beatles’ hit ‘Hey Jude’ and the all-time classic ‘Singing in the Rain.’ D’Antoni also runs the Café-Théâtre Il Piccolo in Aix.

Le Theatre d'Aix, music in Aix en Provence

Photo by Alain Dadourian

A printed booklet provided by well-manned downtown tourism office gives comprehensive information on daily theatrical, cinematic and musical activities. Watch out for events listed under La Mareschale. My wife and I attended a most entertaining evening of song there in both English and French performed by young French artists.

Shopping and relaxation

If none of the above activities fits your idea of a relaxing vacation, don’t fret. Known as ‘The City of A Thousand Fountains’ (an exaggerated number – there are around 40 in the historic center), Aix has a plentiful supply of charming squares where you can simply sit on a terrace, sip pastis and see the world slip by. One such square, Place de L’Hotel de Ville, features a 12th century clock-tower built on the former Roman gate with statues depicting the four seasons, as well as a former 18th century grain store market – now the main Post Office and library – with reclining male and female statues carved high on its facade representing the Rhone and Gironde Rivers.

Aix en Provence markets, visit Aix en Provence
You can also take a leisurely shopping stroll along Cours Mirabeau, the town’s 400-meter long narrow main street with its extra-wide sidewalks. Built in the 17th century, it is decorated with ornate statues, including one of former King Renati, and fountains. Stores and cafes line one side and banks the other, leading some to cynically remark that ‘money still remains in the shade.’ Make sure to try the local candy, diamond-shaped calissons made of almond and melon.

Day Tours

Another attraction of Aix is its proximity to many other Provencal tourism options, with Marseilles just 30 minutes away and historic Avignon and Arles, where Van Gogh lived, about an hour away. For first-timers to the region, a personalized bus tour is a comfortable way to see the region.

Occitania tours Aix en Provence
One such excursion organized by Occitania brings guests to stunning, 400-meter cliffs, among the highest in continental Europe, offering panoramic views over the Gulf of Cassis and the pretty coastal resort of the same name, with the opportunity for a boat-ride out to the steep-walled calanques (canals) in the national park. Here sporty tourists participate in cliff-scaling exercises using support ropes or hike the many paths that crisscross the hills. Completing the tour is a visit to local centuries-old vineyard, Clos Albizzi.

Clos Albizzi, Cassis Domination wines

Family-owned since 1523 and part of the Cassis Domination, one of the oldest in France, it produces mostly whites from Marsanne and Clairette grapes. Marie Laure, the enthusiastic young enologist and daughter of the owner, guided us round the vineyard ending with a leisurely tasting in the cave, including her own specially-made boutique wine. If you’re lucky, her older brother might even play his fine organ music while you’re sipping – a promotional idea discussed as we sat at table together.

Aux Champs tours, Sainte-Victoire mountain

A second tour, organized by Aux Champs, focuses on Cezanne, with countryside stops offering different perspectives of Sainte-Victoire, then to the village of Vauvenargues and the château where Pablo Picasso is buried and onward to the Bimont Dam and the nearby turquoise-color lake at the foot of the mountain. Both companies also offer other trips including ones to the famed Provencal lavender fields and museum.

Year-round sunshine combined with a lively music, restaurant and art scene makes Aix-en-Provence an attractive southern France destination.


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